given to Abraham are repeated to
And the Lord appeared unto him [Isaac], and
said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall
tell thee of:
Sojourn in this land, and I will be with
thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I
give all these countries, and I will perform the oath
which I sware unto
Abraham thy father;
And I will make thy seed to multiply as the
Heaven, and will
give unto thy seed all these countries;
and in thy seed
shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my
statutes, and my laws.
reminded Isaac that all these promises would come to his seed, not
because of his merits or greatness, but because of
<2>Also, there were many small countries in
Canaan at that time, "all these countries."
And the Lord appeared unto him the same
night, and said,
I am the
of Abraham thy
father: fear not,
for I am with
thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant
<3>Again these promises were "for...Abraham's
sake," not for Isaac's sake or because of his merits.
Esau sells his
birthright to Jacob
<4>Isaac married Rebekah, and she bore two
sons, Esau and Jacob. Esau was the elder.
And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the
field, and he was faint:
And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee,
with that same red pottage; for
I am faint: therefore was his
name called Edom.
And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy
And Esau said, Behold,
at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to
And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he
sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
<5>Esau sold his birthright to Jacob (there
is no "j" in Hebrew. The name actually is "Yaghob"). The birthright
is the heritage of the ownership of the promised nations (material
domination) which was given to
Abraham to be passed
down to his seed. This birthright, which
God had promised to give to
Abraham's seed, would
go to the first born male in the family. When Esau sold it to Jacob,
then Jacob would be the father of many nations.
receives the blessing of Isaac instead of Esau
<6>All of chapter 27 of
about how Jacob, the younger son of Isaac, who already had bought
Esau's birthright, also received his father's blessings.
his mother realized that Jacob deserved the blessings of his father
more than Esau, an arrangement was made for Jacob to receive the
blessings of his father. The blessing is given below:
...and blessed him [Jacob],...
God give thee of the
dew of heaven and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn
Let people serve thee, and nations bow down
to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons
bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and
blessed be he that blesseth thee.
<8>As the birthright was related to the
material part or inheritance of the nations of the promises of the
Abraham, the blessing
of the father was related to the spiritual part, the dominance of
the spirit over others, the kings to the nations, the
scepter, and the messianic part of the promise.
<9>So with receiving the blessing from his
father and buying the birthright from Esau, Jacob became the
legitimate owner of both parts of the promises given by the Lord to
promises are repeated to
And, behold, the Lord stood above it, and
I am the Lord
of Abraham thy
father, and the
of Isaac: the
land wherein thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy
And thy seed shall be as the dust of the
thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east,
and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy
seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
I am with thee, and
will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring
thee again into
this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that
which I have spoken to thee of.
<10>The promises were repeated to Jacob,
after he received both the birthright and blessings. <11>Also,
the phrase, "...and thou shalt be spread abroad to the west, and to
the east,..." shows that his seed would go "abroad," meaning out of
the land (Canaan)
God would give to his seed,
and would be spread out all over the world.
Jacob's name becomes
Israel, a new promise is
given to him, and the old promises are repeated
said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called
any more Jacob, but
thy name: and he called his name
said unto him,
Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of
be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins;
And the land which I gave
and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee
will I give the
<12>The name of Jacob was changed to
Israel. It was actually
changed before (Gen. 32:26-28) but
God wanted him to be called with this name from now on.
the promise to
Israel about his seed
changed a little. His seed would inherit "a nation and a company of
nations" in the future. That relates to his birthright of material
<14>Also it should be noted that the promise
of many nations to Isaac would be fulfilled through both Esau and
Jacob (Israel), and
Two sons of Joseph's
(Jacob) had twelve sons. The oldest from his wife Rachael was Joseph
(actual name is "Yoseph"). Joseph had two sons, Manasseh and
Ephraim. Israel took them as his
own sons and put his name
Israel on them.
And Jacob said unto Joseph,
Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of
Canaan, and blessed
And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee
fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude
people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee
for an everlasting possession.
And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh,
which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I
unto thee into Egypt, are mine: as Reuben and Simeon, they shall
<16>So, Ephraim and Manasseh became
Israel's sons from this
point on, like his other sons ("as Reuben and Simeon, they shall
<17>Also, nothing is said here about the
family of earth being blessed by them or kings coming from them (scepter),
but they will possess the material part of the promises.
Israel blesses Ephraim and Manasseh, and prefers Ephraim over
And Joseph took them both [his sons], Ephraim
in his right hand toward
Israel's left hand,
in his left hand toward
Israel's right hand,
and brought them near unto him.
Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon
Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left
hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for
Manasseh was the firstborn.
And he blessed Joseph, and said,
God, before whom my
fathers Abraham and
Isaac did walk, the
which fed me all my life long unto this day,
angel which redeemed me from all
evil, bless the lads; and
let my name be named on them, and the
name of my
Abraham and Isaac;
and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
(Jacob) blessed Joseph's sons but he put his right hand (which is
used for the blessing of the firstborn) over the head of Ephraim,
who was the younger one. By giving his name to them, they became as
his sons in sharing
(inheritance). They became one of the
Israel, "and let my name be named on them."
And when Joseph saw that his father laid his
right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him:
he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head
unto Manasseh's head.
And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my
father: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his
And his father refused, and said, I know it,
my son, I know it; he also shall become a people, and he also
shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater
than he, and his seed shall become a multitude
<19>With accepting Joseph's sons as his own
and blessing them, then whatever
Israel gave to Joseph would go to these sons, especially to
Ephraim, because he was blessed over Manasseh. He would become "a
multitude of nations." Also he prophesied about the children in the
And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee
God make thee as
as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh...
<20>So he blessed them and prophesied that
people would want to be "as Ephraim and as Manasseh." They would
want to be as blessed as they were.