below to hear the pronunciation
the business-oriented type of human.
humans who are inclined toward accumulation of
the physical wealth and control of the
resources, and are interested in economic
activities, are the Vaeshyas.
They can be categorized as intellectuals (Vipras)
whose intellects are directed toward economic
activities. They have very little interest in
things other than these activities.
the last chapter of the
of the Vedas; "Veda" + "anta" which means end);
the ultimate truth. The
Upanishads are called the
Vedanta (the final
goal of the Veda.)
the oldest Scriptures known to man as the
earliest Hindu sacred writings.
Veda (from the Sanskrit root "vid," to know)
means the knowledge which contains the evidence
of its truth within itself. The
Vedas are made
up of four principle books as
The Rg Veda contains prayers and hymns to the
elemental deities ("rig" means "to laud"). The
Yajus ("yaj," "to sacrifice") contains
sacrifices and prayers adapted for certain
rites. The Sama-Veda contains songs of lyrical
character to be recited with melody. The
consists of various hymns and incantations.
The Atharva-Veda is considered to not be an
Aryan Scripture, but one that was added to the
Vedas later on.
"Vidya" is opposite to
(ignorance). Vidya means "to turn toward God or
knowledge." Avidya means to turn toward the
external world (Maya) or ignorance.
Vigamaya Kosha (Discriminative Mind
Begins - Buddhi)
the kosha corresponding to the fourth chakra.
the intellectual type of human.
Vipras are those
whose abilities are to penetrate, understand (to
know), and to try to explain the phenomena in
the material or manifested world and in society.
The honest and developed intellectuals are
guided with rational minds, but not with
emotions or intuition. The intellectualized
spiritual theories (the binding religious
doctrines) are created or supported by those
intellectuals who want to exploit the masses
(consciously or unconsciously).
When intellect is accompanied by intuition, it
becomes illuminated intellect and a guide for
the self and others.
the fifth chakra in Sanskrit.