"For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an
householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers
into his vineyard."
"And when he had agreed with the labourers for a
penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard."
"And he went out about the third hour, and saw
others standing idle in the marketplace,"
"And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard,
and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way."
"Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour,
and did likewise."
"And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found
others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the
"They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us.
He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is
right, that shall ye receive."
"So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard
saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their
hire, beginning from the last unto the first."
"And when they came that were hired about the
eleventh hour, they received every man a penny."
"But when the first came, they supposed that they
should have received more; and they likewise received every man a
"And when they had received it, they murmured
against the goodman of the house,"
"Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and
thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and
heat of the day."
"But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I
do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?"
"Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give
unto this last, even as unto thee."
"Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with
mine own? Is thine eye evil,
I am good?"
"So the last shall be first, and the first last:
for many be called, but few chosen." (Matthew 20:1-16)
<1>As it was explained, many will put much
effort to reach
Consciousness in a selfish way by only using techniques,
overcoming, or calling themselves the
(first). However they will be last. <2>Although they might
have started much earlier than many others, they will receive the
same reward (Pure
Consciousness). Others may have started much later but rightly,
which is, that they progressed and at the same time helped others to
progress also, "many be called, but few chosen."
<3>Also this parable completely supports that
the day started at six o'clock in the morning (according to our
clocks) in the time of
Christ, and mid-day was
at the sixth hour of the day. That is because the owner of the
vineyard went out the third hour of the day (nine o'clock in the
morning), the sixth (mid-day or noon), the ninth hour (three o'clock
in the afternoon) and the eleventh hour (five o'clock in the
afternoon). The day finished at the twelfth hour (six o'clock
according to the present timing) because those who had been hired at
the eleventh hour worked only one hour: "these last have wrought but
one hour" (until the twelfth hour).
<4>So even then the hours of the day were
divided logically from six in the morning as the beginning of the
day, and the twelfth hour of the day would have finished at six in
the afternoon. Night then would start and its twelve hours would
finish at six the next morning. This is the most logical acceptance
of the hours and is the closest to the natural relation of the days
<5>This logical set-up was upset by the
Romans as they had many illogical ways for human existence, such as
their holidays instead of
God-centered Holy Days
which are commanded by the Lord in chapter 23 of Leviticus to
be observed forever. For more detail, read the chapter about the
Holy Days and the hours of the day in the book
going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way,
and said unto them,"
"Behold, we go up to Jerusalem: and the Son of man
shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and
they shall condemn him to death,"
"And shall deliver him to the
Gentiles to mock, and
to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise
again." (Matthew 20:17-19)
<6>He again repeated The Plan for him which
should be fulfilled. <7>Also he would be delivered to the
Gentiles (who were the
Romans) who symbolize the intellectuals and are the fourth kingdom
in the book of Daniel (for more detail read
Commentaries on Prophecies in Daniel, Period of Intellectual
"Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons,
worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him."
"Then he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith
unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right
hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom."
answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of
the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the
I am baptized with? They
say unto him, We are able."
"And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of
my cup, and be baptized with the
I am baptized with: but to
sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it
shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my
Father." (Matthew 20:20-23)
<8>His disciples thought that he owed them
something because they followed him. Even the mother of Zebedee and
his sons thought that they could prepare a better position for
themselves by asking him to grant that in advance before he was
crucified. This shows how gross is the heart of man and how
egoistical can be his thoughts.
answered them that they are not even ready to follow him and are
still in their lower natures. How then could they ask to sit on the
two sides of him? <10>Even if they went through a great
effort, progressed, and were ready to reach
shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the
I am baptized with," still
he had no power to grant any position in heaven. It is completely up
Father to choose the
people in the Hierarchy as it fits His Purpose and Will, "it shall
be given to them for whom it is prepared of my
"And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against
the two brethren."
called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the
exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise
authority upon them."
"But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever
will be great among you, let him be your minister;"
"And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be
"Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered
unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many."
<11>This thoughtless request also invoked
anger in the rest of his disciples, and their lower natures were
stirred. They forgot all about his teachings that in the Kingdom Of
Heaven, the last will be first and the first the last. <12>Those
who want to enter it selfishly, "Grant that these my two sons may
sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy
kingdom" (Matthew 20:21), will be spued out of His Mouth (Rev. 3:16)
and will be lost. <13>Also he taught that all men are equal
in the Kingdom (Pure
Consciousness) and no one is higher than any other. Even in
flesh, the true sons of
God are equal, with
different tasks to fulfill.
<14>But because his disciples could not
understand these things in this state of their progress, he had to
call them together and give them instructions of how they should be
after he left them. <15>Whoever was greater was the most
humble, and there should be no dominating personality among them,
that each should do His Work with no false pride.
<16>Only those who have overcome this world,
are in their higher selves, and have no desire for the praise of the
men (Paravipras) are
worthy to assume the leadership of humanity.
"And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him."
"And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way
side, when they heard that Esa
passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou son of
"And the multitude rebuked them, because they
should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy
on us, O Lord, thou son of David."
stood still, and called them, and said, What will ye that I shall do
"They say unto him, Lord, that our eyes may be
had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately
their eyes received sight, and they followed him." (Matthew 20:29 34)
<17>Again people asked him for favors and