Many Versions Of Koran

After Muhammads death, at the time of caliph Abu-Bakr, ,many of those who had memorized the Koran died while fighting the apostates in the battle of " Alyamama, "Omar feared that the death of those men would result in the loss of a great portion of the Koran and suggested to Abu-Bakr that the Koran should be collected in one volume. Abu-Bakr was reluctant to do that, because Muhammad did not collect the Koran in one volume during his life. After much discussion Omar persuaded Abu-Bakr to order the collection of the Koran. Abu-Bark ordered Aid Bin Sabot to do the job (Al-Mush Al-Shareef, page 59,60).

By Allah! If they had ordered me to shift one of the mountains, it would not have been heavier for me than this ordering me to collect the Koran. Zaid Ibn Sabit said. Then I said to Abu-Bakr, " How will you do something which Allah's Apostle did not do?"
Abu-Bakr said " By Allah, it is a good thing"
(Sahih-al-Bukhari, Part 6, page 477).

Therefore Zaid Ibn Sabit agreed to collect the various pieces of the Koran. However, when Islam became the religion of many countries, every country used the version of the Koran which was known among them: the Syrians read AbiKaabs version, the people of Kofa read Abdallah Ibn Massouds version, others read Abu Moussa Alashabys version and so on.
When Caliph Uthman took the caliphate, he was confronted by such confusion and sedition concerning the reading of the Koran in the different Islamic countries that he ordered it to be rewritten.

Uthaman ordered Zaid Ibn Sabit and three other men form Quraysh, Abdullah Ibn Al-Zubeer, Saeed Ibn El-Uss, and Abdelrahman Ibn Al-Harith Ibn Hesham, to rewrite the Koran. It was Uthmans order to the scribes " If you disagree with Zaid Ibn Sabit in anything of the Koran, write it in the language of Quraysh, because the Koran was revealed in the language of Quraysh." They did
(Al-Mushaf Al-Shareef, Pages 66,70).

After Uthman competed his Koran he forced all the Islamic countries to have one Koran - and banned all other codices. He finished the matter by burning all other codices of the Koran.

In fact there is a claim that this manuscript, held by the Muslim Board of Uzbekistan, is the earliest existent written version of the Koran. It is the definitive version, known as the Mushaf of Othman, superseding all other versions. The third Caliph Othman, who ordered its compilation, was assassinated while reading it.

Koran according to Encyclopedia Encarta

or Koran Pronounced As:
koran, -rn [Arab.,=reading, recitation], the sacred book of Islam. Revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad in separate revelations over the major portion of the Prophet's life at Mecca and at Medina, the Qur'an was intended as a recited text, and was not compiled as a single volume during the life of the Prophet. The establishment of the canonical text is attributed to the 3d caliph, Uthman, who appointed a committee (651-52) to reconcile the conflicting versions then available, under the direction of Zaid ibn Thabit, one of the Prophet's scribes.

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