THE HOLIEST THE HOLIEST BOOK, HOLIEST TWO
The promises are repeated to Isaac:
<1>The promises were repeated to Isaac for his seed. These promises had two aspects: first, the promise of birthright which would go to the first son, which was the material part of the promise, a nation; <2>and second, the promise of spiritual blessing or kingly stature ("scepter") which would go to the son who would be blessed by the father (Isaac in this case).
<3>Although Jacob was the younger son of Isaac, he bought the birthright from Esau, the elder brother (Genesis 25:29-33), and received Isaac's (his father's) blessing (Genesis chapter 27). So although being the younger son, Jacob received both the birthright and spiritual kingship (scepter).
The previous promises (and more) are repeated to Jacob:
<4>These promises were repeated to Jacob that also his seed would spread in all directions.
The name of Jacob is changed and new promises are given to him:
<5>So the name of Jacob was changed to Israel.
<6>His name was changed and a new promise was given to him, "a nation and a company of nations." <7>This promise was given exclusively to Israel, not to Isaac and his seed, Jacob and Esau. This was only for the children of Israel.
Israel (Jacob) takes his son's sons (Joseph's sons) as his own sons:
<8>Jacob (Israel) made his grandsons, Ephraim and Manasseh, as his own sons. Therefore they would inherit whatever was given to Joseph, his own son.
<9>This verse was spoken by Jacob (Israel) at the time of his death. He separated the kingly inheritance ("scepter") from the birthright, and he gave the scepter to Judah, "the scepter shall not depart from Judah." But this promise was "until Shiloh [Messiah] come." <10>Then not only would the scepter depart from Judah but also the lawgiving.
<11>So with the coming of the promised Messiah, in addition to his mission as a Savior, the two aspects above would be fulfilled, <12>and also "unto him shall the gathering of the people [people who are from Israel] be."
<13>The birthright or material possession ("a nation and a company of nations") was given to Joseph (Genesis 49:22-26), <14>and also it is stated in Chronicles I 5:2, "...but the birthright was Joseph's," <15>which later on was inherited by Ephraim and Manasseh, his sons whom Israel (Jacob) looked upon as his own sons (Genesis 48:3-5).
<16>How these promises were fulfilled and what their relationships are with the rest of the material in THOTH can be found in the book Children of Abram (Abraham), All Prophecies Are Fulfilled.